To prevent spoilage, perishable goods must be stored in a specialized cooler or freezer. Since a higher investment is required in these special types of warehouse spaces, it is necessary to store a maximum amount of product per square foot. Equipment must have features that can withstand colder ambient temperatures while performing at a fast pace.

Coolers and freezers can also reduce the battery life of a machine.

Cold storage applications primarily focus on the storage and distribution of food products that require freezing or cooling throughout the distribution system.